1. Fasting in Ramadan is necessary for every sane grown Muslim, both male and female.
2. The time of fasting begins shortly before dawn and ends at sunset.
3. The way of fasting is to abstain from drinking, eating and sexual acts.
4. The following are exempted from the fasting obligations:
a. Those who are sick.
b. Those who are traveling a distance not less than 50 miles.
c. Women with breast feeding children or pregnant.
d. Women during their each month menstruation period (they’re exempted and also disallowed to fast).
5. Days of fasting so missed are to be settled, when the cause of immunity is over, any time after Ramadan excluding the Eid days, the fasting of which is forbidden.
6. Full freedom from fast is allowed to those who are permanently disabled by reason of incurable disease or age. They, however, can feed a miserable person for one day or pay the cost of food sufficient to feed him for one day for each day of fast that is missed.
7. One must have the intention during the night to fast the following day of Ramadan.
8. Fasting is voided if a person during the fasting hours, deliberately drinks, eats, smokes, vomits, commits a sexual intercourse or emission or lets an object, pass across the throat or any other natural opening of the body. However, if one breaks his or her fasting by the commission of deliberated intercourse, a serious kaffarah (atonement) applies. The atonement may be fulfilled by fasting sixty sequential days or, if not able to do so, by feeding sixty poor persons for one day.
9. Fasting continues valid if an act breaking the fast should occur through obsession or error or forgetfulness.
10. Using eye drops, or receiving intravenous or inter-muscular injections, bathing the body, or brushing the teeth, or rinsing the mouth (while looking not to swallow), or applying cosmetics or perfume during the hours of fasting do not constitute breaking the fast.